VBA – Arrays, Multi-Dimensional Arrays, Array functions

We know very well that a variable is a container to store a value. Sometimes, developers are in a position to hold more than one value in a single variable at a time. When a series of values are stored in a single variable, then it is known as an array variable.

Array Declaration

Arrays are declared the same way a variable has been declared except that the declaration of an array variable uses parenthesis. In the following example, the size of the array is mentioned in the brackets.

'Method 1 : Using Dim
Dim arr1()	'Without Size

'Method 2 : Mentioning the Size
Dim arr2(5)  'Declared with size of 5

'Method 3 : using 'Array' Parameter
Dim arr3
arr3 = Array("apple","Orange","Grapes")
  • Although, the array size is indicated as 5, it can hold 6 values as array index starts from ZERO.
  • Array Index cannot be negative.
  • VBScript Arrays can store any type of variable in an array. Hence, an array can store an integer, string, or characters in a single array variable.

Assigning Values to an Array

The values are assigned to the array by specifying an array index value against each one of the values to be assigned. It can be a string.

Example

Add a button and add the following function.

Private Sub Constant_demo_Click()
   Dim arr(5)
   arr(0) = "1"           'Number as String
   arr(1) = "VBScript"    'String
   arr(2) = 100 		   'Number
   arr(3) = 2.45 		   'Decimal Number
   arr(4) = #10/07/2013#  'Date
   arr(5) = #12.45 PM#    'Time
  
   msgbox("Value stored in Array index 0 : " & arr(0))
   msgbox("Value stored in Array index 1 : " & arr(1))
   msgbox("Value stored in Array index 2 : " & arr(2))
   msgbox("Value stored in Array index 3 : " & arr(3))
   msgbox("Value stored in Array index 4 : " & arr(4))
   msgbox("Value stored in Array index 5 : " & arr(5))
End Sub

When you execute the above function, it produces the following output.

Value stored in Array index 0 : 1
Value stored in Array index 1 : VBScript
Value stored in Array index 2 : 100
Value stored in Array index 3 : 2.45
Value stored in Array index 4 : 7/10/2013
Value stored in Array index 5 : 12:45:00 PM

Multi-Dimensional Arrays

Arrays are not just limited to a single dimension, however, they can have a maximum of 60 dimensions. Two-dimensional arrays are the most commonly used ones.

Example

In the following example, a multi-dimensional array is declared with 3 rows and 4 columns.

Private Sub Constant_demo_Click()
   Dim arr(2,3) as Variant	' Which has 3 rows and 4 columns
   arr(0,0) = "Apple" 
   arr(0,1) = "Orange"
   arr(0,2) = "Grapes"           
   arr(0,3) = "pineapple" 
   arr(1,0) = "cucumber"           
   arr(1,1) = "beans"           
   arr(1,2) = "carrot"           
   arr(1,3) = "tomato"           
   arr(2,0) = "potato"             
   arr(2,1) = "sandwitch"            
   arr(2,2) = "coffee"             
   arr(2,3) = "nuts"            
           
   msgbox("Value in Array index 0,1 : " &  arr(0,1))
   msgbox("Value in Array index 2,2 : " &  arr(2,2))
End Sub

When you execute the above function, it produces the following output.

Value stored in Array index : 0 , 1 : Orange
Value stored in Array index : 2 , 2 : coffee

ReDim Statement

ReDim statement is used to declare dynamic-array variables and allocate or reallocate storage space.

Syntax

ReDim [Preserve] varname(subscripts) [, varname(subscripts)]

Parameter Description

  • Preserve − An optional parameter used to preserve the data in an existing array when you change the size of the last dimension.
  • Varname − A required parameter, which denotes the name of the variable, which should follow the standard variable naming conventions.
  • Subscripts − A required parameter, which indicates the size of the array.

Example

In the following example, an array has been redefined and then the values preserved when the existing size of the array is changed.

Note − Upon resizing an array smaller than it was originally, the data in the eliminated elements will be lost.

Private Sub Constant_demo_Click()
   Dim a() as variant
   i = 0
   redim a(5)
   a(0) = "XYZ"
   a(1) = 41.25
   a(2) = 22
  
   REDIM PRESERVE a(7)
   For i = 3 to 7
   a(i) = i
   Next
  
   'to Fetch the output
   For i = 0 to ubound(a)
      Msgbox a(i)
   Next
End Sub

When you execute the above function, it produces the following output.

XYZ
41.25
22
3
4
5
6
7

Array Methods

There are various inbuilt functions within VBScript which help the developers to handle arrays effectively. All the methods that are used in conjunction with arrays are listed below. Please click on the method name to know about it in detail.

S.No. Function & Description
1 LBoundA Function, which returns an integer that corresponds to the smallest subscript of the given arrays.
2 UBoundA Function, which returns an integer that corresponds to the largest subscript of the given arrays.
3 SplitA Function, which returns an array that contains a specified number of values. Split based on a delimiter.
4 JoinA Function, which returns a string that contains a specified number of substrings in an array. This is an exact opposite function of Split Method.
5 FilterA Function, which returns a zero based array that contains a subset of a string array based on a specific filter criteria.
6 IsArrayA Function, which returns a boolean value that indicates whether or not the input variable is an array.
7 EraseA Function, which recovers the allocated memory for the array variables.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s